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Imperialism has been interpreted from a variety of
viewpoints. There are many positive and negative effects of imperialism.
Imperialism has benefitted the colonial power and the colonies. Imperialism will
benefit many different business groups, so it is a big interest of many nations. The
Europeans, in colonializing Africa, received many raw materials and sources of power. They
wre able to
set up the colonies to benefit their own economies, as pointed out by
Western African nationalist in 1962. The imperialism also benefitted Africa. The Europeans
built many roadways, railroads, and improved many aspects of the society by improving
health care. They also build factories to help industrialize their colonies.
At the same time imperialism is having negative effects, mostly on the colonies.
Imperialism is usually by force, and the colonial powers used their superior military
technology to obtain their colonies, sometimes resulting in many dealths. The Europeans
brought many diseases to their colonies, such as Africa, Latin and South America, and
Asia. The Europeans also forced their culture on their colonies, demonstrated in document
four from the African proverb. The Europeans used a lot of forced labor. An example would
be the African slave trade in the 1800s, where the West brought many Africans to
their country to be used as slaves. Dave Diop wrote about the forced labor in "an
anthology of Western African verse" in 1957. The political cartoon of document two
also demonstrates this point. Imperialist caused many nations to lose self-confidence and
to get away from their own culture to adopt Western ways.
Most nations used imperialism to obtain their needed raw materials, but to obtain these
it has had many side effects on the natives of the colonies. These side effects may be
positive, but the majority of them have a negative effect.